Class 12 Physics Notes PDF Chapter 1 to 14 for free download. Chapter wise Physics Class Notes PDF of NCERT book. The best revision notes are very useful for get better marks in Board exams and qualify the JEE and NEET entrance exam.

### Chapter 1 : ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS

Topics:
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Electric Charge
1.3 Conductors and Insulators
1.4 Charging by Induction
1.5 Basic Properties of Electric Charge
1.6 Coulomb’s Law
1.7 Forces between Multiple Charges
1.8 Electric Field
1.9 Electric Field Lines
1.10 Electric Flux
1.11 Electric Dipole
1.12 Dipole in a Uniform External Field
1.13 Continuous Charge Distribution
1.14 Gauss’s Law
1.15 Applications of Gauss’s Law

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### Chapter 2 : ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE

Topics:
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Electrostatic Potential
2.3 Potential due to a Point Charge
2.4 Potential due to an Electric Dipole
2.5 Potential due to a System of Charges
2.6 Equipotential Surfaces
2.7 Potential Energy of a System of Charges
2.8 Potential Energy in an External Field
2.9 Electrostatics of Conductors
2.10 Dielectrics and Polarisation
2.11 Capacitors and Capacitance
2.12 The Parallel Plate Capacitor
2.13 Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance
2.14 Combination of Capacitors
2.15 Energy Stored in a Capacitor

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### Chapter 3 : CURRENT ELECTRICITY

Topics:
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Electric Current
3.3 Electric Currents in Conductors
3.4 Ohm’s law
3.5 Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity
3.6 Limitations of Ohm’s Law
3.7 Resistivity of Various Materials
3.8 Temperature Dependence of Resistivity
3.9 Electrical Energy, Power
3.10 Combination of Resistors — Series and Parallel
3.11 Cells, emf, Internal Resistance
3.12 Cells in Series and in Parallel
3.13 Kirchhoff’s Rules
3.14 Wheatstone Bridge
3.15 Meter Bridge
3.16 Potentiometer

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### Chapter 4 : MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM

Topics:
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Magnetic Force
4.3 Motion in a Magnetic Field
4.4 Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields
4.5 Magnetic Field due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law
4.6 Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop
4.7 Ampere’s Circuital Law
4.8 The Solenoid and the Toroid
4.9 Force between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere
4.10 Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole
4.11 The Moving Coil Galvanometer

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### Chapter 5 :MAGNETISM AND MATTER

Topics:
5.1 Introduction
5.2 The Bar Magnet
5.3 Magnetism and Gauss’s Law
5.4 The Earth’s Magnetism
5.5 Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity
5.6 Magnetic Properties of Materials
5.7 Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets

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### Chapter 6 : ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION

Topics:
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The Experiments of Faraday and Henry
6.3 Magnetic Flux
6.5 Lenz’s Law and Conservation of Energy
6.6 Motional Electromotive Force
6.7 Energy Consideration: A Quantitative Study
6.8 Eddy Currents
6.9 Inductance
6.10 AC Generator

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### Chapter 7 : ALTERNATING CURRENT

Topics:
7.1 Introduction
7.2 AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor
7.3 Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors — Phasors
7.4 AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor
7.5 AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor
7.6 AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit
7.7 Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor
7.8 LC Oscillations
7.9 Transformers

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Chapter 8 : ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

Topics:
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Displacement Current
8.3 Electromagnetic Waves
8.4 Electromagnetic Spectrum

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### CHAPTER NINE : RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

Topics:
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors
9.3 Refraction
9.4 Total Internal Reflection
9.5 Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses
9.6 Refraction through a Prism
9.7 Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight
9.8 Optical Instruments

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### Chapter 10: WAVE OPTICS

Topics:
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Huygens Principle
10.3 Refraction and Reflection of Plane Waves using Huygens Principle
10.4 Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves
10.5 Interference of Light Waves and Young’s Experiment
10.6 Diffraction
10.7 Polarisation

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### Chapter 11:DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER

Topics:
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Electron Emission
11.3 Photoelectric Effect
11.4 Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect
11.5 Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light
11.6 Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation
11.7 Particle Nature of Light: The Photon
11.8 Wave Nature of Matter
11.9 Davisson and Germer Experiment

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### Chapter 12: ATOMS

Topic:
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom 415
12.3 Atomic Spectra
12.4 Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
12.5 The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom
12.6 DE Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate of Quantisation

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### Chapter 13: NUCLEI

Topics:
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus
13.3 Size of the Nucleus
13.4 Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy
13.5 Nuclear Force
13.7 Nuclear Energy

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### Chapter 14 : SEMICONDUCTOR ELECTRONICS: MATERIALS, DEVICES AND SIMPLE CIRCUITS

Topics:
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors
14.3 Intrinsic Semiconductor
14.4 Extrinsic Semiconductor
14.5 p-n Junction
14.6 Semiconductor Diode
14.7 Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier
14.8 Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes
14.9 Digital Electronics and Logic Gates

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