Society Law and Ethics CS Class 12 Solutions

Society Law and Ethics Computer Science (Python) Class 12 Assignment Solutions. Important Solved question and Answer for the preparation of annual Board exams.

Solved Assignment : Society Law and Ethics CS

Q.1.What is online fraud? Give some examples?

Answer:
Fraud committed online through internet is known as Online fraud.

Q.2. What is credit card fraud?

Answer:
Fraud caused by the use of credit card information stolen by any means and purchased is made by the fraudist .

Q.3. What is identity Theft ?

Answer:
The personal information are theft and it provides door for thief to use this information to be identified as their victim.

Q.4. What measures can you take to curb online frauds?

Answer:
1. Activating OTP which comes on mobile.
2. Donot upload the photos of bank cards.
3.Not to give authorization of sensitive information features to companies.

Q.5.What is safe data transmission? How can you ensure secure data transmission?

Answer:
Safe data transmission- It is a technique which the users can use to transmit data securely means no one can steal information. To ensure secure data transmission.
1.The internet optic fibre or cable is exclusively used for their transmission.
2.Using highly encrypted method in modulation to transmission.
3.Using safe data protocols. like FTP
4.using secure socket layer.

Q.6.What is intellectual property? What do you understand by intellectual property rights?

Answer:
Intellectual property is a property that is owned on internet by a user like websites etc. Intellectual property rights gives the right to person to own that thing. So stealing of site and other intellectual property cannot be sold.

Q.7.What is plagiarism? How can you avoid plagiarism while referring to someone’s else’s creation?

Answer:
Plagiarism is when you copy someone’s intellectual property without giving credit and without permission of the person owing intellectual property.
We can avoid plagiarism-
1.By giving credit to the user’s intellectual property.
2.By taking permission f the corresponding intellectual property holder.

Q.8.What is digital property? What are the threats to digital properties?

Answer: Digital property means to hold information in digital form . You can sell it or exchange it .threats to digital properties-
1. cracking the code of the file from many software penetration tool.
2. Using the code for making something ir selling it.

Q.9.How can you protect your digital properties?

Answer:
1.High encryption technique
2.Limiting the sharing of the software.
3.putting legal clauses.

 Q.10.Expand the terms: OSI, FLOSS, FSF, GNU, GPL W3C, OSS.

Answer:
OSI: – Open Source Initiative.
FLOSS: – Free Libre and Open Source Software or to Free Livre and Open Source Software.
FSF: – Free Software Foundation.
GNU: – GNU’s Not Unix.
GPL: – GNU General Public Licence (GPL).
W3C:- W3C is acronym for World Wide Web Consortium.
OSS: – Open Source Software

Q.11.What are open source based software?

Answer:
Open Source Software, can be freely used in terms of making modifications, constructing business models around the software and so on but it does not have to be free of charge. 

Q.12.Compare and contrast
(i)Free software and open source software
(ii)OSS and FLOSS
(iii)Proprietary software and free software
(iv)Freeware and shareware
(v)freeware and free software

Answer:
(i) Free Software- Software available free of cost can be copied and redistributed but no source code is available.
Open Source Software – Software is available can be copied and redistributed and source code is also accessible.

(ii)OSS and FLOSS
OSS- Open Source Software – Software is available can be copied and redistributed and source code is also accessible.
FLOSS- A software which is both free and open source.

(iii)
Proprietary software- It is neither free nor open.
Free Software- Software available free of cost can be copied and redistributed but no source code is available.

(iv)
Freeware- Software available free of cost can be copied and redistributed but no source code is available .It is available in binary executive file.
Shareware-software for which licence fee is payable after some time limit.

(v)
Free Software- Software available free of cost can be copied and redistributed but no source code is available.
Freeware- Software available free of cost can be copied and redistributed but no source code is available .It is available in binary executive file. (ready to run)

Q.13.What is public domain software? Name some common public domain software licenses.

Answer: Public domain software are free software and freeware. i.e. they are availbe for free to the public domain.It is out from the range of copyright and licensing.

Q.14.What is GPL software license? How is it different from LGPL software license?

Answer:
GNU General Public License (GPL) is commonly used licenses for open-source projects. The GPL grants, guarantees a range of rights to developers who work on open-source project.
Lesser General Public License (LGPL)The LGPL is license free software so that it be incorporated into both free software and proprietary software.

Q.14.What protection measures would you take against identity theft?

Answer:
We can protect your against identity theft by following the steps given below:-
(i) Protect personal information
(ii) Use Unique Ids to protect your devices and accounts:
(iii) Use Bio-metric protection

Thanks for reading the Society Law and Ethics Class 12 Computer Science

Class 12 Society Law and Ethics Computer Science

Class 12 Society Law and Ethics Computer Science. Question and Answer for 12th board examination as per latest syllabus from the Sumita Arora and NCERT book.

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