Understanding Diversity Class 6 Notes, Solutions PDF

NCERT Class 6 Chapter 1 : Understanding Diversity Notes, Questions answers and Solutions with PDF for free download. The study material for Class 6 Social Science students includes notes and solutions of Social and Political life book. Contents are very useful for students to score better marks in annual exams.

Notes : Class 6
Subject : Social Science
Book : Social and Political Life
Chapter – 01 : Understanding Diversity

Understanding Diversity Class 6 Notes

  • Mankind inherits many things from the nature. Things like plants, trees, flowers, birds, animals, religion, race, culture and colour are inherited.
  • Diversity: Diversity is known as the differences between race, religion, caste and other things.
  • Social Groups:
    • Social groups are needed to fulfil the demand of human beings.
    • Family, community, nation and universe are various groups.
  • Can Friends be Different:
    • Friends can be of different background.
    • Right to Education (RTE) is providing seats to students of poor background to study in public schools.
  • How Do we Explain Diversity:
    • Initially human led a nomadic life.
    • In recent stages of human evolution human become to socialise with each other.
    • It has led to diversity emergence.
  • Diversity and Interdependence:
    • Within a social group, Different type of activities are done by different social group by learned skill.
    • People depend on each other to fulfil needs.
    • The idea of interdependence on different things and humans  has gained importance due to globalisation.
  • Unity in Diversity:
    • Diversity and unity go hand in hand in India.
    • To liberate India from England all of the Indians despite of diversity joined hands.
    • Pt. Nehru wrote in his book, ‘Discovery of India’, that “Indian unity is not something imposed from outside by rather it is something deeper and within its folds”.
  • Ladakh and Kerala:
    • Buddhism is the main religion of Ladakh and ship are domesticated.
    • Spices and fishes of south Indian region comprising Kerala are very famous it is a land of multi-religion.

Understanding Diversity Class 6 Notes PDF Download

Understanding Diversity Class 6 : Solutions

Q.1 : Draw up a list of the different festivals celebrated in your locality. Which of these celebrations are shared by members of different regional and religious communities?

List of festivals of different religious and regional communities :

  1. Holi : Hindu community (celebrated in North India, North-east India, Orrisa, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu etc.)
  2. Diwali : Hindu community (celebrated in Central India, North India, North-east India, South India etc.)
  3. Pongal : Hindu community (celebrated in Tamil Nadu, Kerala)
  4. Chhath : Hindu community (celebrated in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand)
  5. Lhori : Sikh, Hindu communities (celebrated in Punjab, Chandigarh)
  6. Id-ul-Fitr : Muslim community (celebrated in Central India, North India, North-east India, South India etc.)
  7. Christmas : Christian community (celebrated in Central India, North India, South India etc.)
  8. Mahavir Jayanti : Jains, Hindus communities (celebrated in Chhattisgarh, U.P., Bihar)
  9. Buddha Jayanti : Buddhists, Hindus communities (celebrated in U.P., Maharashtra, M.P.)

Question 2 : What do you think living in India with its rich heritage of diversity adds to your life?


  1. Things which rich heritage of diversity is adding to our life:
  2. We are meeting people who speaks different languages.
  3. We are eating a large variety of foods.
  4. Variety of dressing styles and clothes of the regions.
  5. Celebrating different festivals and respecting their cultures.
  6. Enjoying Different dance and music forms.

Question 3 : Do you think the term “unity in diversity” is an appropriate term to describe India? What do you think Nehru is trying to say about Indian unity in the sentence quoted above from his book The Discovery of India?

Yes, term of “unity in diversity” is an appropriate term to describe India. Diversity of India has always termed as Indian strength. Even during the freedom struggle many people of different diversity come together and opposed the rule of the British. This strength of unity of different diversity made the British hard from colonising for more time and eventually they have to go away. Also, the same national flag was used as means of protest against Britishers everywhere despite of different diversity.

In his book The “Discovery of India”  Jawaharlal Nehru says that Indian diversity was not imposed from outside it was from the deep down from the inherent soul of human that this things of diversity that was nourished from the start from playing together of different communities and celebrating different festival, this widest tolerance of belief and custom was practised and every variety acknowledged and even encouraged. This suggests that despite of having geographical, language and cultural differences, people of India are living with peace with respect for each other’s traditions and with unity.

Question 4 : Underline the line in the poem sung after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, which according to you, reflects India’s essential unity.

The blood of Hindus and Muslims flows together today. This is the line in the poem sung after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre reflects India’s essential unity.

Question 5 : Choose another region in India and do a similar study of the historical and geographical factors that influence the diversity found there. Are these historical and geographical factors connected to each other? How?

Area: West Bengal
Factors of geographical Importance: It is situated  in the region of Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta. It is  stretching  from the Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. A small coastal region is situated on the extreme south, while the Sundarbans forests is the  remarkable landmark situated at the Ganges delta. 
Factors of historical Importance : It is having a closing  relationship with geographical factors. The majority of population is depending on agriculture or mainly the cultivation of rice due to fertile lands of Delta. The people of Bengal supported the  Bangladesh Liberation war. Durga Puja of Hindus and Eid of Muslims are two main festivals celebrated in Bengal.
Region: Kerala
Factors of geographical Importance: It lies in between the Lakshadweep Sea and the Western Ghats. It is having  a wet and maritime tropical climate which is influenced by the seasonal heavy rains. The western coastal belt is relative flat compared to the eastern region and have many lakes and canals.
Historical Factors: Due to being a coastal areas, export and import are prevalent and thus there are people from many religions are inhabiting the region. This state has nearly equal population from Hinduism, Muslims and Christian regions. Festivals like Onam, Eid, Christmas etc. are celebrated. The geographical features helped in the cultivation of spices.

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